Chapter 2.     Ethics and the Scientist

Bruce A. Fuchs and Francis L. Macrina (5.29.19)



Bebeau MJ, Pimple KD, Muskavitch KMT, Borden SL, Smith DH. 1995. Moral Reasoning in Scientific Research: Cases for Teaching and Assessment. Poynter Center for the Study of Ethics and American Institutions, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

Expert Panel on Research Integrity. 2010. Honesty, Accountability and Trust: Fostering Research Integrity in Canada. The Council of Canadian Academies, Ottawa, ON, Canada.


Goldman AH. 1980. The Moral Foundations of Professional Ethics. Rowman and Littlefield, Totowa, NJ.

Johnson DG. 2009. Computer Ethics, 4th ed. Prentice Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ.

National Academy of Sciences. 1992. Responsible Science: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process, vol. I. National Academies Press, Washington, DC.

National Research Council. 2002. Integrity in Scientific Research: Creating an Environment That Promotes Responsible Conduct. National Academies Press, Washington, DC.

Rest JR. 1986. Moral Development: Advances in Research and Theory. Praeger Publishers, New York, NY.

Shamoo AE, Resnik DB. 2009. Responsible Conduct of Research, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

Steneck NH. 2007. ORI Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Weston A. 2010. A Practical Companion to Ethics, 4th ed. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.


A collection of ethics codes published by professional and academic societies and associations may be found at the following websites.

The Singapore Statement on Research Integrity, produced by the 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity in 2010, at:

Ethics Collaborative Online Resource Environment (Ethics CORE) website, maintained by the University of Illinois and sponsored by the National Science Foundation at:

Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at the Illinois Institute of Technology website:

The Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Science website:

In addition to Council of Canadian Academies Report and the Singapore Statement, referenced above, the following resources were used to compile information on values of the scientific community contained in this chapter.

For information on the European Science Foundation’s Member Organisation Forum on Research Integrity, which produced The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity:

The Irish Council for Bioethics’ Recommendations for Promoting Research Integrity:

(Note: the Irish Council for Bioethics ceased to exist in 2010. The PDF referenced here—archived on the Irish Patients Association website—may still be downloaded.)

The Australian Government National Health and Medical Research Council’s Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research: