Chapter 11.    Science, Technology, and Society

Cindy L. Munro and Francis L. Macrina



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Paul Berg’s 2004 article “Asilomar and Recombinant DNA” is available on the Nobel Prize website:

“Statement by NIH Director Francis Collins, M.D., Ph.D., on the NSABB Review of Revised H5N1 Manuscripts,” from 2012, can be accessed on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) website:

The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications (ELSI) Research Program, National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)

Information on the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) of 2008 can be found on the NHGRI website at:

HeLa Genome Data Access Working Group (with link to HeLa data sharing agreement):

For a HeLa cell-Henrietta Lacks story timeline, derived from Rebecca Skloot’s research for The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, see:

National Select Agent Registry (Centers for Disease Control and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services/Agricultural Select Agent Program):

NIH Office of Biotechnology Activities (Office of Science Policy): the recombinant DNA program overseen by the NIH, which includes the NIH Guidelines, the Institutional Biosafety Committee registration site, the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee, and other items, may be accessed online at

NIH Office of Biotechnology Activities (Office of Science Policy): the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity website is located at

National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity Recommendations and Reports on manuscripts reporting the transmissibility of influenza A/H5N1 virus: ments.html

NIH Policy on Mitigating Risks of Life Sciences Dual Use Research of Concern. Notice Number: NOT-OD-13-107 (released in 2013):


National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) Proposed Framework for the Oversight of Dual Use Life Sciences Research: Strategies for Minimizing the Potential Misuse of Research Information (2007):

United States Government Policy for the Oversight of Life Sciences Dual Use Research of Concern (2012):

The following organizations promote social activism in science.

Council for Responsible Genetics

Union of Concerned Scientists

Physicians for Social Responsibility