Chapter 1.     Methods, Manners and the Responsible Conduct of Research

Francis L. Macrina



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Definitions of Scientific Misconduct

Public Health Service Policies on Research Misconduct—42 CFR Part 93—June 2005. (Final Rule. May 17, 2005. Fed Regist 70:28370-28400.) Online at:

National Science Foundation 45 CFR 689 Research Misconduct. March 18, 2002. Fed Regist 67:11936-11939. Online at:

45 CFR 689 NSF Research Misconduct Code (2002):

The Professional Ethics Report, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which runs articles dealing with professional ethics in science:

Canadian Tri-Agency Framework: Responsible Conduct of Research. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) use this policy to support their legislative mandates in promoting responsible conduct of research:

National Science Foundation (NSF) Research Misconduct web page:

Office of Research Integrity Model Policy for Responding to Allegations of Scientific Misconduct:

United Kingdom Research Integrity office, an independent agency that provides advice and guidance on the responsible conduct of research:

U.S. Public Health Service Office of Research Integrity website: